Brașov is located in the central part of the country, about 166 kilometres (103 miles) north of Bucharest and 380 kilometres (236 miles) from the Black Sea. Like all of Romania, Brasov is a very affordable city, with a pint of beer costing around 6 lei (1.26 EUR), hostel beds being around 38 lei (8 EUR) and a restaurant meal costing between 12 and 35 lei (2.5 EUR to 7 … Mediaeval studies, Volumes 17-18, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1955, Toronto, Canada, An annual journal of scholarship, History. The cultural and religious importance of the Romanian church and school in Șchei is underlined by the generous donations received from more than thirty hospodars of Moldavia and Wallachia, as well as that from Elizabeth of Russia. Kreuzworträtsel-Hilfe ⇒ deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov auf Brașov has a total population of 253,200 (2011 census). [18] In 1910 there were 41,056 inhabitants: 10,841 (26.4%) Germans, 11,786 (28.7%) Romanians, 17,831 (43.4%) Hungarians. Ride a double-decker bus around the city to get your bearings and see the sites whiz by, then hop off to squeeze down Strada Sforii, the narrowest street in Europe. In 1948 the company was renamed "Uzina Tractorul Brașov" known internationally as Universal Tractor Brașov. Industrialization was accelerated in the Communist era, with special emphasis being placed on heavy industry, attracting many workers from other parts of the country. Romania's second largest city, Brasov (Kronstadt in German), is a good place to begin a Saxon trip. Pál Binder supposing it is a reference to the St. Catherine's Monastery. The city of Brașov is home to several local media publications such as Transilvania Express, Monitorul Express, Bună Ziua Brașov or Brașovul Tău. The Medieval city of Corona was founded by German colonists (called the Transylvanian Saxons) in the 13th century. Wir erfassen eine Kreuzworträtsel-Antwort zur Kreuzworträtselfrage Deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov. The settlers came primarily from the Rhineland, Flanders, and the Moselle region, with others from Thuringia, Bavaria, Wallonia, and even France. With its surrounding localities, Brașov had 369,896 inhabitants as of 2011[update].[6]. By the way, the German name of Brasov is Kronstadt, and its Latin name is Corona. The city was protected by its thick, Saxon-built ramparts and, on three sides, by mountains. Partly demolished during the systematization of the city from the end of the 19th century, the fortification ensemble still conserves a few walls, bastions, and towers that partly recreate the image of a medieval well-enclosed and powerful citadel. With its central location, Brașov is a suitable location from which to explore Romania, and the distances to several tourist destinations (including the Black Sea resorts, the monasteries in northern Moldavia, and the wooden churches of Maramureș) are similar. In 1850, the town had 21,782 inhabitants: 8,874 (40.7%) Germans, 8,727 (40%) Romanians, 2,939 (13.4%) Hungarians. Besides the German (Saxon) population living in the walled city and in the northern suburbs, Brașov had also a significant Romanian and Bulgarian population (living in the Șchei district), and also some Hungarian population (living in the Blumăna district). Between 17 and 22 February 2013, the city hosted the 2013 European Youth Winter Olympic Festival. Zionist organizations appeared already in 1920. Only a short walk from it, you’ll discover the ruins of the medieval fortifications. From 1950 to 1960, during part of the Communist period in Romania, the city was called Orașul Stalin (Stalin City), lit. With a varying width between 111 and 135 centimeters, this street was originally just a space between two lines of houses. The first commercial flight could take place in June 2021. The medieval sites and the old churches are on the list of every visitor, but Brasov has even more to offer. In November 2013, Brașov submitted their bid for the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics. Brasov is one of the most visited cities in Romania, offerings its tourists a rich mix of history, architecture, culture, urban fun, and impressive natural surroundings. The two names of the city, Kronstadt and Corona, were used simultaneously in the Middle Ages, along with the Medieval Latin Brassovia. In autumn 1940, during the National Legionary State, the antisemitic Iron Guard nationalized all Jewish institutions and seized most shops owned by Jews. The Holy Roman Emperor and sovereign of Transylvania Joseph II awarded Romanians citizenship rights for a brief period during the latter decades of the 18th century. On the site of the village of Brașov, the Teutonic Knights built Kronstadt – 'the City of the Crown'. The property is located in a historic building in the nineteenth century, it features … Others suggest the name derives from the old coat of armsof the city, as it is symbolized by the German name Kronstadt meaning "Crown City". Today, it’s a popular and photogenic tourist attraction. IAR 22 was the first Romanian-made wheeled tractor. [9] Other linguists proposed various etymologies including an Old Slavic anthroponym Brasa. "Stalin City", after the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.[13]. All are operated by RAT Brașov. The first Jewish community in Brașov was established in 1828, joining the Neolog association in 1868. Short History of Bucharest: From the Medieval Centuries to Communism, Visit Sibiu: The Old Capital of the Transylvanian Saxons, Bucharest Travel Guide: Essential Tips to Plan Your Visit. A big part of the factory was demolished during 2013 and 2014 giving way to buildings, shopping mall and recreation parks. Part of the fortification ensemble was recently restored using UNESCO funds, and other projects are ongoing. Diana is a tourism consultant, tour guide, travel writer and amateur photographer. In December that year, the city was signed the Youth Olympic Game Candidature Procedure. It is surrounded by the Southern Carpathians and is part of the historical region of Transylvania. Those from throughout southern Transylvania were concentrated in Brașov; a further 200 refugees came from Ploiești. Smack in the center of Romania is Brasov, a harmonious mash-up of traditional charm and modern city life. There are about 15,000 inhabitants who live right next to a huge forest that leads up the mountains. During the communist period, universiades and Daciads were held, where local sportsmen were obliged to participate. According to Balázs Orbán, the name Corona – a Latin word meaning "crown" – is first mentioned in the Catalogus Ninivensis in 1235 AD, stating a monastic quarter existed in the territory of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cumania (In Hungaria assignata est paternitas Dyocesis Cumanie: Corona). [17] Although the crusaders were evicted by 1225, the colonists they brought in long ago remained, along with local population in three distinct settlements they founded on the site of Brașov: Germans living in Brașov were mainly involved in trade and crafts. The metropolitan area is home to 382,896 residents.[6]. The inter-war period was a time of flourishing economy and cultural life in general, which included the Saxons in Brașov as well. Michael B. Barrett, Indiana University Press, 2013, Colegiul National de Informatică "Grigore Moisil", Colegiul de Stiințe ale Naturii "E. Racoviță", Seminarul Teologic Liceal Ortodox "D. Staniloaie", Fundatia Univ. As was accustomed at that time, the city was built around a square which for Brasov is Piața Sfatului (Council square) or Marktplatz in German. On 9 October, at the end of the battle, the previous mayor (Karl Ernst Schnell) was reinstated.[20]. Brasov: Around 170 km north of →Bucharest in the south-west corner of Transylvania (also known under its German name Siebenbürgen). During the communist period, industrial development was vastly accelerated. Powered up by the accelerated industrial development during communism, Brasov became the city of Stalin, a city that, nonetheless, found the courage to revolt against the shortages and absurdity of the regime in 1987. It’s currently closed for visitors, but you can still walk up to the plateau for a great of Brasov. [7] According to some historians, Corona was name of the city-fortress while Brassó was referring to the county, while others consider both names may refer to the city and the county as well. [citation needed]. Eine einzige Antwort mit 43 Buchstaben kennen wir von Brașov (UK: /bræˈʃɒv/, US: /brɑːˈʃɔːv, -ɔːf/,[3][4][5] Romanian: [braˈʃov] (listen); Latin: Corona; German: Kronstadt; Transylvanian Saxon: Kruhnen; Hungarian: Brassó) is a city in Transylvania, Romania and the administrative centre of Brașov County. german name , The german name was Ekaterinentor. Fortifications around the city were erected and continually expanded, with several towers maintained by different craftsmen's guilds, according to the medieval custom. Industrial development in Brașov started in the inter-war period, with one of the largest factories being the airplane manufacturing plant (IAR Brașov), which produced the first Romanian fighter planes used during World War II. Or the Marienkirche by its German name, derives its name from the Great Fire of 1689, during which the damages withstood the restoration of almost 100 years. Im Süden und Osten ist die Stadt von den Karpaten umgeben. Over 600 years old, this is the largest hall-church east of Vienna and one of the most impressive Gothic-style buildings from this corner of Europe. Your email address will not be published. According to Balázs Orbán, the name Corona – a Latin word meaning "crown" – is first mentioned in the Catalogus Ninivensis in 1235 AD, stating a monastic quarter existed in the territory of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cumania (In Hungaria assignata est paternitas Dyocesis Cumanie: Corona). Temperatures from May to September fluctuate around 23 °C (73 °F). In German the name of the town is "Rosenau", which means rose meadow. It signified during Corvin reign of Hungary and Transylvania their own dynastic crown. The current Mayor of Brașov (starting October 28, 2020) is Allen Coliban from the Save Romania Union (Uniunea Salvați România). During the interwar period, the communities had separate institutions, but opened a jointly managed school in 1940. They contributed a great deal to the architectural flavor of the city. Declared a nature reserve for its many species of plant and animals, including one-third of Romania’s butterfly species, this mountain has a maximum altitude of 960 meters and is one of the best-known images of Brasov. © 2020 Uncover Romania. In the 17th and 19th centuries, the Romanians in Șchei campaigned for national, political, and cultural rights, and were supported in their efforts by Romanians from all other provinces, as well as by the local Greek merchant community. In August 1942, 850 Jews between the ages of 18 and 50 were drafted into labor battalions and ordered to work in Brașov, while others were sent to Predeal and Bran. The city also has several restaurants that serve local as well as international cuisine (e.g. [citation needed]. Brasov, Transylvania, Romania - July 26, 2014 - Ecaterina Gate was built for the access of Romanians from Schei district in the fortress of Brasov. Its strategic location on the commercial route that linked the three … Walk along Brasov’s fortifications. You need to enter a valid Mailchimp API key. Brasov Old Town Hall The Black Church. Orthodox Jews founded their religious organization in 1877. It is home to a freshly restored Saxon fortress from the 14th century, and also to many old Saxon houses. Enlarged and modernized many times, the fortress was also a prison and a military base. Deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov — Kreuzworträtsel-Hilfe Buchstabenanzahl beliebig 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Aircraft manufacturing resumed in 1968 at first under the name ICA and then under its old name of IAR at a new location in nearby Ghimbav. The Brașov-Ghimbav International Airport is an airport development project located in nearby Ghimbav, right by the future A3 motorway. [29] Also, several local television stations exist, such as RTT, MIX TV and Nova TV. Kronstadt endet mit t und beginnt mit K. Stimmt oder stimmt nicht ? These three names of the city (Brasov, Kronstadt, and Corona) are used simultaneously in the Middle Age. Sep 24, 2014 - Explore Iby Lippold's board "Brasov -", followed by 386 people on Pinterest. Brasov's onetime German name, Kronstadt (Crown City), is visible in its coat of arms. Article History (5) Comments (5) The Latin name of Brasov is CORONA. This was reflected in the city’s German name, Kronstadt, as well as in its Latin name, Corona, meaning Crown City (hence, the coat of arms of the city which is a crown with oak roots). The old city is very well preserved and is best seen by taking the cable-car to the top of Tâmpa Mountain. Johannes Honterus, a great German humanist will work for most of the time in Brasov, and the deacon Coresi will print the first Romanian books here. The city is notable for being the regional capital of the Transylvanian Saxons of the Burzenland (Romanian: Țara Bârsei) administrative area in the past, and a large commercial hub on the trade roads between East and West. In 1941, Jews were drafted for service in forced labor battalions. The German name, Kronstadt, means "Crown City" and this is reflected in the city coat-of-arms, as well as in its Medieval Latin name, "Corona". Fortifications were erected around the city and continually expanded, with several towers maintained by different craft guilds, according to medieval custom. The city center is marked by the mayor's former office building (Casa Sfatului) and the surrounding square (piața), which includes one of the oldest buildings in Brașov, the Hirscher Haus. Eine Lösung zur Kreuzworträtsel-Frage Deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov haben wir eingetragen. The city is also notable for being the birthplace of the national anthem of Romania. Annually, at "Olimpia" sports ground, the "Brașov Challenge Cup" tennis competition is held. Very close to the Upper Walls and the Synagogue, you’ll find one of the narrowest streets in Europe, Sforii Street.